As per the NYC DOB Building code section BC 1704.5 under the Concrete construction section. This section provides guidelines on how to perform the Masonry Masonry construction shall be inspected and verified in accordance with the requirements of Sections 1704.5.1 through 1704.5.3, depending on the structural occupancy category of the building or structure. Please read the table below which outlines all the required items to perform this inspections shall not be required for:1.Masonry fireplaces, masonry heaters, or masonry chimneys installed or constructed in accordance with Section 2111, 2112, or 2113, respectively.
2- Alterations to existing masonry, where the quantity of replaced masonry is less than 10 square feet (0.93 m2) in any 100 square feet (9.3 m2) of wall area when specifically exempted on the approved construction document.
1704.5.1 Empirically designed masonry, glass unit masonry, and masonry veneer in buildings in structural occupancy category IV. The minimum inspection program for empirically designed masonry, glass unit masonry, and masonry veneer (designed by Section 2109,2110, or chapter 14, respectively, or by Chapter 5,6 or7 ofTMS402/ACI 530/ASCE 5), in structures classified as structural occupancy category IV,( in accordance with table 1604.5), shall comply with Table 1704.5.1.
1704.5.2 Masonry in buildings less than three stories in height in structural occupancy category I, II, or III. The minimum special inspection program for structures classified as structural occupancy categories I, II, or III, in accordance with Table 1604.5, which are three stories or less in height, shall comply with Table 1704.5.1.
1704.5.3 Masonry in buildings three stories or more in height, and engineered masonry in structural occupancy category IV. The minimum special inspection program for masonry designed by Section 2107 or 2108, or by chapters other than Chapters 5, 6 or 7 of TMS 402/ACI 530/ASCE 5, in structures classified as structural occupancy category IV, in accordance with Table 1604.5, and masonry in buildings more than three stories in height, shall comply with Table 1704.5.3
Alterations to existing masonry walls where the quantity of masonry involved in any one given location does not exceed 50 contiguous square feet (4.64 m2) shall be permitted to be subject to level 1 special inspection in accordance with Table 1704.5.1 when specifically identified as such on the approved construction documents by the registered design professional of record.
COVID-19 Vaccine: Side Effects You Might Experience
As the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine starts to be available for more people, including the population of us and therefore the UK , we also are beginning to learn more about how people are reacting thereto and therefore the possible side effects the vaccine comes with.
Because of this, the U.S Food and Drug Administration has warned about the possible side effects you’ll experience after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. These side effects vary from person to person, so it’s possible that you simply could get one among these side effects or none in the least.
Before we review the possible side effects of taking the COVID-19 vaccine, it’s important to say that the potential benefits from the vaccine outweigh its side effects. albeit we don’t yet know exactly how long the vaccine protects you against COVID-19, we’ll know more about the advantages and side effects because the vaccine starts to succeed in more people.
It’s also worth mentioning that, albeit the FDA doesn’t consider these side effects to be severe, it’s important that you simply report any issues you had to your doctors and even call 911 if you are feeling it’s necessary.
Last but not least, the FDA is additionally reporting that the side effects listed below often start after the second dose. people that take the COVID-19 vaccine need to take two different doses three weeks aside from one another. You’re more likely to feel any of the side effects after the second dose, but it’s still possible that you simply might feel them after the primary dose also.
9. Injection Site Pain, Swelling, or Redness
Some people have reported feeling pain within the arm where they were injected. Although this pain might be mild, it’s possible that you simply could experience some severe arm pain also. That’s what happened to Kristen R. Choi, a nursing researcher who explained her experience after getting the COVID-19 vaccine.
She talks about how painful her arm felt after getting the second shot. She also had a fever and felt nausea, headaches, and dizziness, which we’ll mention later.
Besides the pain, your arm may additionally swell and switch red. you would possibly also experience some irritation on your arm also.
8. Intense Fever
Another possible side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine may be a fever. Kristen Choi also experienced an intense fever after her second dose of the vaccine.
She explained how the fever affected her through the night after getting the vaccine. Her temperature got as high as 104.9 °F (40.5 °C) during the night, and it went right down to 102.0 °F (38.9 °C) by 9 a.m., the time when she called to report her side effects. However, it seems that the symptoms dissolve quickly. At least, that was Kristen’s experience, whose symptoms were mostly gone the day after.
It’s possible that you simply feel more tired than usual after taking the vaccine, although that’s considered to be normal. Tiredness after taking an attempt may be a common side effect of other vaccines. you would possibly experience this after taking the flu shot, for instance.
This commonly happens as a response from your body when interacting with the vaccine. When the body is creating an immune reaction, a standard reaction is to feel tired.
As mentioned before, a headache is often caused by the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine also. Although the headache is often mild, Kristen Choi had a “splitting headache” when handling the side effects. It seems that the headache doesn’t last long; it didn’t for Choi, whose symptoms went away after a few days.
5. Muscle and Joint Pain
It’s possible that your whole body will experience pain. this is often considered to be normal also since it’s a standard reaction the body has when handling the dose. Besides, pain may be a common reaction after someone sticks a pointy object into your body.
It’s worth mentioning that you simply may only feel muscle pain in your arm, but there’s an opportunity that it’ll spread throughout your body too. Joint pain is additionally an opportunity. Unlike the muscle pain, you’ll experience pain in your joints throughout your body as a side effect.
Besides getting a fever, you’ll even have chills. Although this wouldn’t be as severe as high fever, you’ll experience shivering sensations alongside your fever.
This is your body’s way of making heat when you’re feeling cold, so you shouldn’t worry much about them, a minimum of compared to the opposite symptoms.
3. Feeling Nauseous and Vomiting
You might also start to feel nauseous after the vaccine. Although this is often a standard side effect for other vaccines, just like the flu shot, we don’t skill badly this symptom can get.
Kristen Choi doesn’t explain how bad her nausea was, but it had been a continuing symptom throughout her overall experience when handling the side effects.
One of the worst side effects people have experienced is an allergy to the COVID-19 vaccine. a couple of people within the UK had severe allergy moments after taking the vaccine, although it had been reported that they were recovering. An allergy is a crucial side effect to stay in mind, especially if you suffer from allergies. The allergy should happen moments or maybe an hour after you receive the vaccine, and you ought to see symptoms like difficulty breathing, your face or throat start to swell, fast heartbeat, a rash everywhere your body, dizziness, and weakness.
1. There might be Other Side Effects Pfizer Vaccine
Although these are the side effects the FDA is reporting at the instant, it’s possible that you simply or someone you recognize may experience other side effects that aren’t listed at this moment.
It’s important that you simply report any issues or complications you’ll have during the subsequent few days after you get the primary or second dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Overall, you ought to keep being careful, keeping your distance, and following the rules from the planet Health Organization.
What is Concrete Cast in Place inspection?
As per NYC DOB Building code section BC 1704.4 under Concrete construction section. This section provides guidelines on how to perform the Concrete cast in place inspections and verifications for concrete construction shall be as required by this section and Table 1704.4. Please read the table below which outlines all the required items to perform this Concrete Construction inspections as outlined below(as per NYC DOB Building Code section BC 1704.4 AND QUOTED BELOW.
1.1. Nonstructural concrete slabs supported directly on the ground, including prestressed slabs on grade, where the effective prestress in the concrete is less than 150 psi (1.03 Mpa).
1.2. Concrete foundation(s) for lightweight equipment.
1.3. Concrete patios, site furnishings, garden walls, driveways, sidewalks, and similar construction.
2.Testing required by Table 1704.4, Item 6, may be waived by the registered design professional who prepared the structural construction documents when such waiver is specifically indicated on such construction document in the following cases:
2.1. Where the total concrete placement on a given project is less than 50 cubic yards (38 m3).
2.2. Isolated spread concrete footings of R-3 buildings three stories or less above grade plane that is fully supported on earth or rock.
2.3. Continuous concrete footings supporting walls of R-3 buildings three stories or less above grade plane that is fully supported on earth or rock where the structural design of the footing is based on a specified compressive strength, f’c, no greater than 2,500 pounds per square inch (psi) (17.2 Mpa), and the compressive strength used in the footing construction is at least 4,000 psi.
a-Standard sampling rate shall be in accordance with Section 1905.6.2.
b-Four-inch by 8-inch cylinders may be accepted in lieu of 6-inch by 12-inch cylinders at the option of the Engineer of record
Cold form steel: As per the NYC DOB Code section 1704.3.1.2 cold-formed steel floor and roof decks shall be in accordance with AWS D1.3.
As per Wikipedia, Cold-formed steel (CFS) is the common term for steel products shaped by cold-working processes carried out near room temperature, such as rolling, pressing, stamping, bending, etc. Stock bars and sheets of cold-rolled steel (CRS) are commonly used in all areas of manufacturing. The terms are opposed to hot-formed steel and hot-rolled steel.
Cold-formed steel, especially in the form of thin gauge sheets, is commonly used in the construction industry for structural or non-structural items such as columns, beams, joists, studs, floor decking, built-up sections and other components. Such uses have become more and more popular in the US since their standardization in 1946.
Cold form steel framing application in building industry
Cold form steel framing is commonly used in the building industry. Due to higher tensile strength and lighter in weight compared to the regular structural steel members, Cold form steel found a position in the construction industry. Cold form steel comes in a lot many sizes and shapes.
In high-rise commercial and multi-family residential buildings, Cold form steel is occasionally used for interior partitions and support of exterior walls and cladding. In many mid-rise and low-rise applications, the entire structural system can be framed with Cold form steel.